Pope's Speech "Your Authority Returns to You"
August 10, 2013

Revolt of the Pueblo Indians, 1680

After the conquest of New Mexico, the Spanish systematically subjugated the inhabitants of the Pueblos. Indians who had lived and worshiped independently for centuries were forced to abandon their religion and pay tribute to Spanish rule. Kivas and Kachinas, with which ceremonies and devotions have always been performed, were destroyed. Resistance to Spanish rule met with imprisonment, torture, and amputations.

In the Spring of 1680, the Pueblo Indians led by an intelligent and charismatic leader, Pope, secretly organized a widespread rebellion to occur throughout the region on a single day. Pope united and organized many different Pueblos that spoke different languages and on the night of August 10, 1680, led them to a decisive victory over the militarily-armed Spaniards.

The Pueblos then restored their own religion and government. The Pueblo Revolt of 1680 is the single most successful act of resistance by Native Americans against a European invader. It established Indian independence at the Pueblos for more than a decade, and even after Spanish domination was re-imposed it forced the observance of religious tolerance. Since the Pueblo Revolt of 1680, the Kiva and the Cross have existed side by side in Pueblo Communities.

August 10, 2013, the 333rd Anniversary of the Revolt of the Pueblo Indians
and the 1st Anniversary of the passage of the Tigua Blood Quantum Bill.

Please download the attached PDF to read Pope's Victory Speech.
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